ËÑÇ¢éÍ : Population and the Environment|
¢éÍ¤ÇÒÁ : This is the VOA Special English ENVIRONMENT
A new report says the growing population around the
world is harming the environment. More people are using
more of the Earth’s natural resources than ever before.
Experts say poor people around the world will suffer
most in the future unless environmental damage is
stopped. They say more should be done to balance
human and environmental needs.
The United Nations Population Fund is responsible for
studying population growth. It released the report about
the subject earlier this month. The report is called the
State of the World Population, Two-Thousand-One. It
examines the links among environmental conditions,
population growth and efforts to help poor people in
The world’s population is now more than
six-thousand-million people. That number has increased
by one-hundred percent since Nineteen-Sixty. The
population is expected to increase to more than
nine-thousand-million by the year Two-Thousand-Fifty.
The report says about two-thousand-million people lack
food security. Water supplies and agricultural lands are
heavily used. In fifty years, experts say more than
four-thousand million people will be living in countries
that can not meet people’s daily needs.
The report says all of the expected growth in world
population will take place in developing countries. The
forty-nine least developed countries are expected to
increase by almost two-hundred percent in fifty years.
Yet, the U-N agency says people in the richest countries
use much more of the world’s resources than people in
developing countries. It says a child born today in the
United States, France or Japan will do more harm to the
environment during his lifetime than as many as fifty
children born in developing countries.
The U-N Population Fund says international policies
need to be put into effect to improve poor conditions,
increase social development and ease pressure on the
environment. It also says women need more control over
their lives. It says empowering women would lead to
smaller families and slower population growth. The U-N
Population Fund says these measures would help
improve the well being of growing populations while
protecting the natural world.
This VOA Special English ENVIRONMENT REPORT
was written by Cynthia Kirk.
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